Equality has always been the core pursuit of human beings. Only if people have equal social rights, they can truly have freedom, and give full play to their potential to create dynamic order. So we should pursue equality.
What kind of equality should we pursue? Equality of opportunity or equality of result?
The equality of result is not only bad for group interests, but also bad for individual freedom. The social division of labor and the individual's free behavior inevitably lead to people having different needs for social resources. Therefore, on the premise of ensuring good social welfare, the equality of opportunity is better than the equality of result.
The background of equality of result and equalitarianism is that the human productivity was too low in the past, if someone gets more social resources, then social resources that others can get will be seriously insufficient. Only the equal distribution can meet the basic needs of all people. When human society enters abundance age, and people has good social welfare, then equality of result is no longer applicable to social development.
Since human individuals are essentially equal, so true social equity will inevitably be reflected in equality, especially the equality of opportunity. Only when society realizes broad and in-depth equality, social equity can be truly realized, so we should achieve equity through the pursuit of equality. And we should comprehensively pay attention to all kinds of specific issues of social equality, and should not focus on certain aspects and ignore other aspects.
When we pursue equality of opportunity, we must understand that the system and reality of existing societies can't ensure equity. Therefore, the pursuit of the equality of opportunity must be based on good social welfare, especially good educational welfare, so that the social vulnerable groups can get real development opportunities.
The inequalities of information and intelligence are the greatest inequalities of human beings. In the past, more information and higher intelligence could bring more power and higher social position, but these will no longer be advantages in the future.
In terms of information, as long as we continue to promote the information openness, most of the high-value information and knowledge will be released on the Internet, and shared by all human beings. In the future, technologies such as intelligent assistants and brain-computer interface will help people to get these information and knowledge efficiently.
In terms of intelligence, in the future, with the help of AI, the differences in human intelligence will become less important. As the rational thinking ability of super AI will far exceed that of any human individual, once super AI assist humans in making rational decisions, the difference in the individual's rational thinking ability will no longer be important, and humanity will be the key to reflecting individual differences. In addition, in the future the traditional work of the real society is relatively limited, there will be a certain degree of intelligence surplus in the real society, and this will also weaken the value of high intelligence to some extent.
Although the distribution of wealth in human society is increasingly unequal, this trend will be reversed in the future. As the scarce economy turns into abundant economy, society no longer needs to use wealth to motivate people to work hard, and it will not encourage individuals to accumulate too much wealth. Tax policies are likely to tend to make wealth more evenly distributed, and individual wealth and income are likely to be heavily taxed, then people will become more equal in wealth.
For individuals, the meaning of accumulating large fortune will become smaller and smaller, so people should not excessively accumulate wealth, but should rationally use wealth to create dynamic order, and realize their true life value.
The trust and emotional relationship between people, actually often implies inequality to other people. This inequality is the inevitable result of humanity, but it will gradually weaken in the future.
The more social activities a person has, the more people she/he touches, and the more dispersed her/his feelings are. Social development has brought large-scale social collaboration, which has greatly expanded people's social circle, and has also led to a significant decline in the importance of blood relationship. This is a reasonable trend, and we should not miss the intimate feelings brought by blood relationship. Blood relationship is just the unification of low-level dynamic order, the fit of mind and intelligence is the unification of high-level dynamic order, and the latter is better for generating dynamic order than the former.
In the future, the expansion of social circles will continue. As people's lifespan increases, people will participate in more social activities, and be exposed to more people throughout their lives. The enhancement of human intelligence and tools like intelligent assistant will also enable people to maintain more emotional connections, and people's feelings will be more dispersed. People will gradually understand that in such a long life, future interpersonal relationships are as important as past interpersonal relationships, new friends are as important as old friends, then they will be more open to accept new friends.
The general tendency is that there should be more and more emotional connections among human individuals, but the strength of emotional connections is getting weaker and weaker, and human beings are becoming more and more equal in emotion.
There are various kinds of discrimination and prejudice in human society. For those who are discriminated against, these are the inequality in people's thinking. Discrimination and prejudice undermines social harmony, we should eliminate them as much as possible.
Our assessment of the value of one thing, depends on how many dynamic order it contains, and how many dynamic order it can directly or indirectly generate. The dynamic order of the human brain far exceeds that of the human body, so humanity and intelligence are the core value of people, and they are the main criteria for us to evaluate a person.
What kind of physical characteristics a person has, whether her/his body is disabled, and what kind of sexual orientation she/he has, have no direct influence on her/his humanity and intelligence. In the future, when people can change their own bodies and genes, the physical characteristics of people are not good or bad, but only personal preferences. All kinds of diseases and disabilities will eventually be solved, and one day, disabilities will be understood as a state of "waiting for cure." Therefore, discrimination related to body and health, such as discrimination against gender, skin color, homosexuals, transgender, disability and so on, are all wrong behaviors.
Some discrimination is also related to groups, such as discrimination against race, region, religion, ideology, and so on. Such discrimination usually undermines the collaboration among groups, and even causes hatred among groups, so the interests of both groups are damaged. In some cases, it may even trigger social unrest and war, which seriously undermine the basic order of human society. So we should also try to eliminate these discrimination.
There are also some problems related to discrimination and prejudice, which we need to pay attention to:
- There is often some explicit or implicit discrimination in social traditions, such as gender discrimination against women. Although we should respect traditions, these discrimination should be gradually eliminated.
- Do not selectively oppose discrimination. Such as supporting equality between men and women, but holding racial discrimination.
It is important to note that we should not arbitrarily expand the scope of discrimination. For example, humans naturally like and trust people who are similar to themselves, or people who are in same groups. This is the inevitable result of human evolution, it is part of humanity. We should not treat this human nature as discrimination against others.
In addition, our opposition to discrimination and prejudice does not mean that we must treat everyone absolutely equally. For people who commit unethical behavior or even criminal behavior, it is normal for people to despise them, and reasonable social pressure is good for social progress.
In the future, human life in virtual worlds will more thoroughly promote the equality of human society.
In virtual worlds, people's physical differences become irrelevant. Since people can choose virtual worlds freely, the unfair virtual worlds cannot be widespread. In the mainstream virtual worlds, the distribution of power and social resources (computing power) will be quite fair. And in the end, the fairness and equality in virtual worlds will in turn promote the reform of the real society.
This also reminds us that we should not regard the material wealth and social status of the real society as our only life pursuit. In the future, the material wealth and social status of the real world have little influence on the life of virtual worlds, the only thing that we can bring into virtual worlds from the real world is ourselves. And the real difference between people lies in the unique humanity and life experience of each person, and this is our real value as human beings.