Efficiency refers to the degree of effective use of social resources. In Dordersim, it specifically refers to the Dynamic Order Generating Efficiency: For certain social activity in a period of time, the ratio of dynamic order accumulation it generates to the social resources it uses.
The social resources mentioned here include natural resources, computing resources, intelligent creatures and so on.
Since social resources are limited, social efficiency directly determines the development level of human society. Moreover, human society is still far from ideal status, the social efficiency has great room for improvement. So we should strive to improve social efficiency.
Simple core rules can form high-level dynamic order, and complex core rules will instead limit the emergence of dynamic order. For example, flat bricks can build magnificent buildings, and irregular stone can only build low huts. Why?
The most fundamental reason is that only simple rules and structures can smoothly transmit and spread dynamic order; conversely, the more complex the rules or structures, the more difficult they can transmit dynamic order. For example, flat and regular bricks are easy to stack up because they can easily transfer stress to each other; and stones are difficult to stack up, because the stress between them is messy.
For real-world rules, the more widely used they are, the more complex their application environment is, the more inclined they are to become simple. For example, widely used languages such as English and Chinese are relatively simple in grammar.
Turn this principle in reverse, it helps us to understand complex things. For a building that has already been built, the more magnificent it is, the less likely it is to be built with irregular stones. Therefore, when we try to understand the operating rules behind complex things, if the interpretation effect of simple rules and complex rules are close, then simple rules are more likely to be correct, that is the so-called Occam's Razor principle.
When use the Occam's Razor principle, we must face the complexity of things, and do not blindly simplify things when analyzing them. The simplicity we emphasize is for core rules or structures, and the complexity that emerges from simple rules is objective. A building consists of simple bricks, does not mean that it is also simple. Another example is that the core trading rules in the market are simple, just buy and sell, but the market is still complex.
For most things, a balance between simplicity and complexity is needed.
For social organizations, complex structures, rules and regulations are not necessarily better than simple and reasonable ones. For example, in the business field, rather than having the government set up cumbersome rules to manage various companies, it is better to let the market filter them.
On the other hand, we should not blindly simplify the methods and organizational structures. When dealing with specific problems, simple methods are not always good. For example, complex computer algorithms may be more efficient than simple algorithms. For large organizations, complex organizational structures are usually necessary. If a large organization has only one leader and all others have the same position, it is obviously not efficient.
Eliminating over-redundant things and garbage is an effective way to improve efficiency. Although they usually contain some dynamic order, they reduce the efficiency of the whole system, waste resources, and are bad for the overall dynamic order of the whole system. Therefore, we should avoid generating over-redundant things, try to make less garbage, and try to eliminate existing over-redundant things and garbage.
For example, we should reduce junk information. At present, there is a lot of information on the Internet that is low-value or even valueless, which overwhelms high-value information and makes it harder for people to get high-value information. Therefore, we should actively clear these low-value or valueless information.
It should be noted that moderate redundancy is necessary, which can enhance the robustness of the system. What we need to avoid is overly redundancy.
By standardizing and unifying the basic dynamic order, it can circulate more effectively. This is an important means to improve the social efficiency.
For example, in the market economy, it is impossible to develop a prosperous market in the barter system. There must be an unified currency, and then the price can be formed on the basis of currency, so that information can be efficiently transferred in the market.
Standardized things are ubiquitous, in addition to the specific things produced by industrial standards, but also includes various standardized information, such as languages, words, design signs, software interfaces, and so on. Although the theorems of mathematics and science are not created by humans, their unified expressions are also standardized information.
The meaning of standardization is similar to the meaning of pursuing simple rules, that is in order to smoothly transmit and spread dynamic order. Although the standardization process itself reduces the dynamic order, on this basis, we can establish higher level and more dynamic order.
Usually the standards of things should be as uniform as possible to avoid confusion, but some highly dynamic standardized information, such as languages, words, software interfaces, and so on, need to maintain a certain degree of diversity.
When we use social resources to solve social problems, we need to consider the scope of the problem, including the scope of groups, regions, and time.
Large groups usually have greater potential for generating dynamic order than small groups, so large groups and large-scale problems are usually more important; and in order to pursue the dynamic order accumulation, long-term problems are usually more important than short-term problems. In addition, in many cases, when large-scale problems are solved, the related small-scale problems will be eliminated; and when long-term problems are solved, the related short-term problems will not occur. Common examples are:
- If our body has a good immune system, many localized diseases can be eliminated. Therefore, developing good living habits and then enhancing one's own immunity is the most effective way to solve health problems.
- When we educate children, it is more important to cultivate their learning ability than to tell them some specific knowledge, because the learning ability is not only applicable to all knowledge, but also will always play a role in their entire life.
- When we want to help social disadvantaged groups, it is more important to establish a long-term, extensive social security system than temporary help for individuals or groups.
These solutions are also simple, which not only verifies the previously mentioned "simple then can be widely," but also shows that to improve complex things, it does not necessarily require complex methods, and some simple but critical methods may solve most of the problems of complex things.
The key difference between Material / Life / Intelligence is the density and the speed of change of dynamic order, especially the speed of change. Most common substances are mainly affected by physical effects or slow chemical changes; life is based on fast chemical changes; the human intelligence is based on electrical impulses, the speed of information transmission reaches tens of meters per second; the intelligence of AI is based on electric current or other technologies, information moves at the speed of light, and the speed of information transmission has reached the physical limit.
Fast things and slow things affect each other, but the reaction of fast things is always faster than slow things, so it's usually that the fast things control slow things.
In addition, it should be noted that both order and fast speed are necessary. Stars such as the Sun have very fast, but disorderly state changes, and therefore can't generate life and intelligence.
From the perspective of social development, in order to generate dynamic order more efficiently, the human society needs to change and evolve faster. Therefore, people's pursuit of spiritual life will inevitably exceed the pursuit of material wealth, and the focus of human society development will shift from the material world to the spiritual world and virtual worlds.
From the perspective of social competition, fast is a core advantage, it can help individuals and organizations to adapt to changes in the social environment. And for inefficient organizations, the inefficiency is not just a matter of speed, the inconsistency of the speed of its internal parts may lead to the collapse of internal order.
Related content：The Limits of Information Transmission
In most cases, we should pursue higher speed. The reaction speed of things or the speed of information transmission must be fast enough, so the changes in things can keep up with changes in the environment.
But on the other hand, the speed of change of things is not necessarily the faster the better. The speed of change that things can withstand is limited, and changing too quickly can also lead to the collapse of dynamic order. Just like people can't eat too much at one time, the speed of change in human society can't be too fast. We should respect traditions, and prevent new things from bringing dramatic changes, and thus undermine the basic order of society.
Information transmission is also not always "the faster the better, the wider the better." First, if the information is wrong, false, or excessively negative, then the faster and wider it is spread, the greater the damage, such as suicide news. The wide spread of biased information can make the entire community more biased.
In addition, if a certain information is suddenly generated and the related resources are limited, the fast spread of information may lead to serious scarcity of related resources, and this scarcity should have been avoided. For example, if all drivers know that a new road has been opened, most drivers will squeeze into this road and cause congestion. In the financial market, if all traders suddenly know a new message, the market may have violent turbulence.
High-speed information spread also brings information overload. Information overload forces many people to receive information without screening. This makes it easier to use information to influence and control people, and thus undermines people's free will.
In general, the speed is not necessarily the higher the better, we need to achieve balance based on specific circumstances.